In the past, Evolution of Life began from simple to complex, from water to mainland that is
the track of nature so the industry walk in the same track of evolution of life but in different version.
We start manufacturing plastics in different types then we get bad impacts that are
1- Increase percentage of garbage of plastic
2- Decrease the efficiency of plastic factories due to increase suspension of plastic in different machines
then we search for solutions for solve or decrease this impact like recycling but later we found anther solutions that decrease bad impact of plastic factories without impacts on the environment (complex material process parameter simulation, advanced Mechatronics and robotics, machine vision, self-adjusting or self-learning technology to enable efficient one-step or integrated production of complex, 3D Printer…etc.) make a big difference in the track of plastic manufacturing.
1- Plastic Bottle Crusher Machine
Crushers are current reduction equipment used in mechanical and allied industries, which crushes different types of soft and hard materials. The can or bottle crusher machine is widely used in beverage industries or in scrap dealers shop to reduce the volume of the cans/bottles. The Electric Motor and a micro-controller make up the backbone for this project. Overall, this project involves processes like design, fabrication, and assembling procedures. A can crusher is mainly used as ―A device used for crushing aluminum cans or plastic bottle for easier storage in recycling bins thereby giving you extra space by flattening of cans‖. This project consists of designing and fabrication of an automatic can/bottle crusher machine. In order to reduce the waste, we planned to create a can/bottle crusher that will reduce the volume of aluminum cans/plastic bottles by approximately seventy percent by which transportation volume will increase and transportation cost will reduce. Can crushers are primarily used to save space and for recycling.
This machine is basically works on the principle of Single Slider Crank Mechanism which is the heart of this machine and it converts rotary motion into a reciprocating machine to crush the Cans/Plastic bottles. In this, link 1 is fixed and link 2 which is a crank is rotating about fixed link 1 and converts this rotary motion into the reciprocating motion of slider (corresponds to the link 4) by means of connecting rod which corresponds to the link 3. This is the inversion of single slider crank, which is obtained by fixing link
In this, as the motor rotates the motor is having a smaller pulley connected to its shaft, the smaller pulley through the v-belt is connected to secondary pulley (Larger pulley) on another shaft which rotates it. Another i.e. third pulley (Smaller pulley) is mounted on the same shaft next to the secondary pulley, and is connected to the fourth pulley (Larger pulley) which is on the main shaft by means of v-belt. This arrangement has been done solely for the purpose of reduction of speed. Except that there also automation has been done, such as there I have placed a sensor until and unless sensor senses the obstacle (i.e. a Can/ Plastic bottle) the machine will not start.
After machine gets started the power of electric motor is transmitted to the slider mechanism through belt and pulley arrangement and rotary motion of crank is converted into the reciprocating motion of slider thus Cans/Plastic bottles will get crushed. There is a separating bin which is placed beneath a Fig (44) Plastic crusher machine design
crushing tray to collect the crushed cans/ Plastic bottles also there is a sensor of metal detector type to store the plastic bottles and cans separately.
So it’s advantage don’t eliminate reactions between waste of plastic and ecosystem, make these waste still alive in environment, produced many pollutant gases, let it decompose in ground.
2- Fuel to Plastic Industry
To get fuel to industry, we follow some steps:
1- Extracting fuel from the crust and that require more machine energy to happen
2- Making distillation to extract derivatives of oil (Petroleum – Gasoline- Butane … etc…)
3- Polymerization that is making monomers
4- Mixing and loading that is then join them together to form polymers
5- Transformation to manufacturing plastic (5% of extracted oil is used for production of about 150 M T of plastic materials)
3- 3D Printer and Filament Maker It works by following a computer’s digital instructions to “print” an object using materials such as plastic, ceramics, and metal. The printing process involves building up an object one layer at a time until it is complete.
In the newest 3D printers squirt out a stream of heated, semi-liquid plastic that solidifies as the printer’s head moves around to create the outline of each layer within the object. The instructions used by 3D printers often take the form of computer-aided design (CAD) files digital blueprints for making different objects. That means a person can design an object on their computer using 3D modeling software, hook the computer up to a 3D printer, and the watch the 3D printer build the object right before his or her eyes. However, in the earliest one it known as additive manufacturing that is machine used stereo lithography, a technique that relies upon a laser to solidify an ultraviolet-sensitive polymer material wherever the ultraviolet laser touches. This machine can take all by-product and waste product of plastic manufacturing and convert it to filaments by maker filaments then enter them into 3D Printer then get new product with decrease efficiency by 10% so increase the efficiency of the production of factories.
4- Integrated waste production of complex (The Garbage-Sea scraper or Sewer)
Globally, millions of tons of trash enter the ocean each year. Between 60 and 80 percent of it is land-based and the rest is from ocean-based operations. This plastic waste collects in particular areas of our global ocean. In any sea or ocean sea contains six times more plastic than plankton biomass. As plastic does not biodegrade, it poses a threat to thousands of marine animal.
Methodology: – Sewer proposes to install a huge drainage hole 550 meters in diameter and 300 meters in depth – The project would engulf all kinds of floating trash filled with seawater. – Sewer consists of five layers of baleen filters, which separate particles and fluids. – By descending of sewer vertically, the plastic particles collected from filters are taken to a recycling plant atop of the structure while seawater is filtered and stored in a large sedimentation tank at the bottom to be further cleaned and released into the ocean. – Sewer make to the water collected purification and desalination and release it to the top to use again.
For each new change specific adaptation occur to survive in the same way for each problem more solutions but we must choose the fittest and develop it to survive or eliminate the impact of problem.