HOW TO STOP CLIMATE CHANGE
Climate change is a paradoxical subject.
In fact, the threat from climate change is increasing for world economies and societies. The changing climate pattern around us finds its reflection in the rising phenomena of floods and droughts, extreme seasonal conditions; desertification, and elevation of sea level.
HOW TO PREVENT CLIMATE CHANGE (CLIMATE CHANGE SOLUTIONS):
What are the ways to control climate change?
Global Efforts for Reducing Carbon Emissions:
The whole world is concerned about climate change, rise in global temperature and natural calamities. It is not that mankind can choose environment or growth/ development. We can achieve both of them. We must strike the right balance between human development and the need for conservation of natural resources.
Climate change is one of the most formidable challenges of our times.
This change has come about also due to Climate Change Act 2008 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the world’s first climate law, which provides a legal basis for the low-carbon emissions.
In order to encourage lower costs, lower carbon-growth, Europe has now developed some state-of-the-art economic instruments, from product standards to selection and business, from CO2 to renewable energy targets. It has formed Green Growth Group which includes ministers from like-minded countries including Germany, France, Italy, Spain, UK and Sweden. Together they are working on low-carbon development policies.
The US record is investing in clean energy is quite impressive as it has become the world’s largest investor in low carbon energy research and development.
This is truly inspirational for the Earth. And it is suggested that the world’s two largest pollutants, China and America, will be a big partner in producing low carbon in the future. No country can remain behind in the global low-carbon revolution because the future is of low carbon.
With higher temperature, crops require more irrigation. The protection of moisture in the land and the accumulation of rain water are useful and helpful steps for continuous irrigation. Through watershed management, we can accumulate rain water and use it for irrigation.
Development of New Crops:
We have to develop varieties that are capable of tolerating high temperature, drought and flooding of the environments. We also have to invent the varieties which tolerate salinity and alkalinity.
Reduce Water Consumption:
Water is life. Clean and fresh water is becoming more and more valuable over time and if we are not doing anything to save it so far, then water in future will be more valuable than gold. That is why it is important that we should do whatever we can to save it and to prevent its pollution with greater efforts.
Climate change is a serious issue in terms of ‘increasing the risk of hunger multiplied’, which can affect all types of food / nutrition protection including food availability, access, use and stability.
Proper Utilization of Natural Resources:
Given this, the main theme of World Food Day 2016 was ‘Climate is changing. Food and Agriculture should also be transformed’. It was organized to encourage people to focus on sustainable ways of food production, i.e., adopting practices that lead to produce more food by making rational use of natural resources. By 2030, there is a global goal of achieving ‘zero hunger’ level, which cannot be achieved without solving climate change and food security.
Plant More and More Trees:
Trees are the largest source of oxygen and we cut them instead of growing them. If every person on the Earth plants a tree, then life would improve significantly, the air will become clearer; the number of trees will return to normal; pollution , global warming and greenhouse effect will reduce.
Scenario in India:
There is a possibility of a rise in temperature in India, which will affect 1.2 billion people, especially from flood/cyclone/drought affected areas.
Although India has been successful in self-reliance in the production of grains, it has not been possible to ensure food insecurity for families. Multiple crops / agricultural systems; high dependence on monsoon affecting the availability of water; small farms; lack of risk management strategies; more impacts related to rainfall (drought / flood, especially in coastal areas); increasing cases of pests / diseases are some of the problems facing the country. For our country, where the majority of the population is poor and half of the children are malnourished, it is very important to ensure food security.
Smoking is harmful to health. Smoke leads to various diseases as it increases air pollution. By not smoking, the environment can be saved to a great extent.
In the draft resolution recently prepared for the governing body of World Health Organization (WHO), it has been suggested that countries should emphasize on the impact of air pollution and climate change.
The changes in the climate are having a negative impact on the environment. As per researchers, human activities have contributed majorly to this change during the last few decades. In order to control climate change and maintain a healthy environment on the earth, human influences on the same need to be controlled.