In today’s world, the word poverty is well known throughout most societies. Poverty may have the definition of anyone who lives pay check to pay check. Or for some poverty may be as extreme as one who lives underneath a bridge with their belongings in a shopping cart. John Kenneth Galbraith’s definition of poverty is when an individual’s income, even if adequate for survival, falls behind that of the community’s standard. Galbraith has many beliefs concerning case and insular poverty. These specific ideas would help our society with poverty, because it would better nourish, educate, and leave a better live for less deprived individuals. Helping these people would leave our world with more harmony and an equal social balance.
According to “Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism” over the past fifty years’ poverty has dramatically been reduced however, “approximately one-fifth of the world’s population, over one billion people, earns less than one dollar a day.” When Galbraith wrote this essay in the 1950’s, women were the prime leaders of poverty-stricken households, along with thirty percent of African Americans, eight percent of Caucasian and ten percent of Spanish origin. In the 1950’s, women were looked down upon especially when they had children, however things have changed very much today. Society now admires women more for taking the full responsibility of child rearing as well as their job and their life. Today single mothers are looked upon, as having a full-time job, despite of their minimal materialistic rewards.
Poverty has many faces, changing from place to place and across time, and has been described in many ways. Most often, poverty is a situation people want to escape. So, poverty is a call to action, for the poor and the wealthy alike, a call to change the world so that many more may have enough to eat, adequate shelter, access to education and health, protection from violence, and a voice in what happens in their communities.
Poverty and the poor can be found all over the world. They lack basic goods, services, food, and shelter, making their lives miserable. Overpopulation and underdevelopment will be discussed as reasons for poverty, and schooling programs to assist the poor.
All over the world overpopulation has been one of the main reason for poverty. For example, China and Africa have had exceptionally high population growth rates for many decades. The former has taken the drastic measure of the ‘one child policy’ to change the situation, but the latter has not made any effort yet.
Underdevelopment is another major reason. Many countries do not have sufficient economic growth to support their growing populations. These countries often go to war with their neighbors to settle arguments over the few resources in their region, causing further misery and hardship to the people involved. When natural disasters like droughts occur, the situation worsens. A recent example is the ongoing drought in Ethiopia.
Educating people in the advantages of family planning, and training them to become self-sufficient have proved to become a major way of overcoming poverty. Providing holistic support to student so that they complete high school and continue a journey of continuous progress and also educating the individuals on how money really works in society. Ensuring that there is gender equality in the society, many years ago, men were only educated to take care of the family while the women were taking care of the household chores but ensuring that women have equal access to education and go on to participate fully in business and economic decision-making, they are the driving force against poverty. Not only this, but increases in gender equality raises household incomes and translates into better prospects and greater well-being of children, which is a smart way to reduce the poverty for future generations, as well as our own generation.
Some were born to meet poverty, others came to meet a successful family. You and I either rich or not successful enough to help, lets support in helping those in poverty. Although, poverty can never vanish in the world but with our little help we can manage to reduce it. Blessed are those who can give without remembering, and take without forgetting.