Sustainable development is the growth that fulfill the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to fulfill their own needs. In other words, it is the main concern which does not undermine the development opportunities for future generations. This development, furthermore, has three components; economic, social and enviromental, which require balanced political consideration and it also aims at economic growth that is effective, socially fair and enviromentally sustainable. Also, it aims to improve human living conditions, while preserving the environment in the short and, above all, long term.
Therefore, in order to achieve sustainable development, some sectors need to be strengthened. Initially, it is necessary to maintain and, if it is possible, enhance the quality of life of the inhabitants of society. The quality of life is detemined by the; income, education, health care, housing, employment, legal rights, exposure to crime, pollution, diseases and disasters. Strengthening local economy is indispensable for sustainability. This includes employment opportunities, taxation, revenue, goverment support and infrastructure and services and an appropriate business climate. It is also important to promote social and gender equality. The resources and opportunities of a sustainable community are available to all, regardless of nationality, age, gender, cultural background, religion, or other characteristics. Moreover, a viable society does not destroy neither its resources nor its natural systems. Indeed, to de a community resilient to dealing with inevitable natural disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes and earthequakes, it requires actions to ensure that such events cause the least possible damage and that the quality of life rermains to high levels. A disaster-resistant community is self-sufficient. In addition, in order to strengthen the democracy of a community, it is necessary that everyone be involved in the decision-marketing process. Such a process involves all people who have an interest in the outcome of the decision under consideration. Thus, it encourages problem’s identification, promotes a wide range of ideas to address these concerns, and helps the parties to find a way to reach agreement on solutions. This has the effect of cultivating the sense of community.
At the same time, in a broad sense, sustainability and enviromental management include the management of the oceans, drinking water systems, land and the atmosphere, in accordance with the principles of sustainability. Conequently, the relationship between the economy and sustainability lies in the social and economic consequences of economic activity. The “green” economy is an economy that leads to the reduction of environmental disasters and is aimed at sustainable development without degrading the enviroment. The sustainable economy is based on six areas; renewable energy, eco-buildings, sustainable mode of transport and proper management of water, waste and land. More broadly, sustainability issues are generally expressed in scientific and environmental terms, but the implementation of change is a social challenge that includes, inter alia, changes in international and national law, urdan planning and transport, the individual and social lifestyle, and consumer consciousness. It is necessary to cultivate responsible citizens. A sustainable society is a society that can achieve and maintain peace, social equality and security. It is a society where there will be no poverty and a society with people who respect the enviroment and protect it.
In summary, the notion of sustainable development is related to the quality of life that is inseparably linked to environmental protection. Sustainable development includes not only the environment but also the problems of population poverty, health, food security, democracy, human rights and peace.