The 60 million people displaced worldwide as of this year largely consist of refugees attempting to escape war and conflict at home; ironically, they are only met with death and suffering on their voyage to supposed safety. In the poem, “Home” by Warsan Shire and the news article “The Story of Doaa,” by Melissa Fleming, the regular struggles of fleeing refugees is discussed in intimate detail. In neighboring countries, as well as those expanding across the globe, the amount of funding being put forth for refugee resettlement programs is non-existent. The fleeing refugees are faced with no choice but to abandon their homes to escape the threats of persecution, warfare, and death. Despite some nations welcoming these refugees and assisting in ending the conflict at home, many others choose to meet the struggling individuals with racism and xenophobia, doing nothing to aid in ending the war or conflict that faces them. Mounting evidence justifies the difficult circumstances refugees face in their regular lives, and the method of tackling such a problem must be discussed in an effective and mature manner.

The lack of legal migratory and effective resettlement programs regarding the refugee crisis originating from Syria comprises a large role in the ability of refugees to obtain security outside of their own war-torn country. The conflict within Syria has been occurring for years, yet in this time, “no massive resettlement programme for Syrians” (Fleming, World Economic Forum) has arisen, and it doesn’t seem to be an expected outcome for Syrian refugees anytime soon. This lack of economic support and development prevents the resolution of the refugee crisis the world now faces. As quoted in “Home” by Warsan Shire, “no one chooses refugee camps.” These refugee camps shouldn’t be a place fleeing individuals fear as they undergo “strip searches where your body is left aching” (Shire, “Home”). The significance of these quotes lies in the pertaining fact that escaping refugees from countries ravaged by war, such as Syria, are often faced with similarly worse conditions in the places they flee to. This is largely due to legal complications that detain refugees from reaching places of refuge, such as in certain European countries or those neighboring Syria. Often, refugees are faced with the looming fact that their journey to safety will not have a destination, as shown in Fleming’s article discussing Doaa’s “boat capsized and sunk, with 300 people trapped below”(Fleming, World Economic Forum.) A similar concept is mentioned in “Home,” when Warsan Shire quotes “feeding on newspaper unless the miles traveled means something more than the journey.” These two articles capture the reality of refugees, as they desperately attempt to flee from their homes in countries, now inevitably steeped in conflict.

Although many threats face the fleeing refugees of Syria, the most significant include persecution, ongoing conflict and mass death that results. As more refugees pour out of war-torn territories such as Syria, their passage to safety narrows. They are left with no choice but to flee their countries, faced with “grinding poverty” and to struggle “through day shifts for low wages”(Fleming, World Economic Forum). Refugees are continuously encountering extenuating circumstances, as Doaa “was forced by the war to live a grinding existence with her family in exile” (Fleming, World Economic Forum). This reality of hers and refugees’ alike everyday lives is evidently destitute in terms of basic human rights in their forceful escape from their home countries to places of refuge. As quoted in “Home” by Warsan Shire, “you only leave home when home won’t let you stay.” This quote signifies the lack of choice in their fate refugees have and the consequences their actions may have for themselves, as inflicted on them by nations of supposed refuge, as well as from their own home territory. Despite being forced out of their homes and faced with imminent danger, refugees still remain loyal to their countries, as expressed in “and even then you carried the anthem under your breath” (Shire, “Home”). The traumatic experiences of these individuals proves to be due to their lack of choice in fleeing their country to avoid harm.

In their plight and escape from war to safety in neighbouring countries, refugees are still encountering stigma and xenophobia around their arrival in such places. This has become a problem in many places because it prevents these refugees from obtaining reliable security in their escape from their home country. Although “some are responding with compassion, but far too many with xenophobia” (Fleming, World Economic Forum). This quote displays the plain fact that nations meant to aid in the refugee crisis are only shunning refugees and refusing to assist in their journey to find solace. It is largely misunderstood among nations and their leaders the effects war has on refugees and the fact “no one puts their children in a boat unless the water is safer than the land” (Shire, “Home”). What many in developed nations don’t understand is the inevitable need for safety these refugees seek, and how they wish to escape persecution, not to be led further into it. This is being seen in many countries, as “the people who once welcomed them in Egypt had become weary of them” (Fleming, World Economic Forum). Throughout the ongoing refugee crisis, this fact is being demonstrated more predominantly as “many people in Europe are worried about security, the economy, changes to their culture” (Fleming, World Economic Forum). Members of such nations fail to understand the inability of refugees to thrive in their own home country, even to survive. The fear generated by such views must be mitigated as countries across the globe join together to actively end the conflict in countries, such as Syria, to avoid such circumstances in the first place. Meanwhile, refugees should be embraced with entrance into nations in their efforts to flee danger.

In both “Home” by Warsan Shire and the news article “The Story of Doaa,” by Melissa Fleming, the plight refugees face regularly is effectively analyzed. The lack of infrastructure and funding for countries of which Syrian refugees must resettle is ever prevalent in regards to the refugee crisis. These same refugees are also often left with no choice but to flee from their own countries to escape the many threats that war brings upon them. Although these refugees are sometimes welcomed with compassion into host countries, they are more often faced with ridicule towards their culture, racism, and xenophobia towards their place of origin. The increasingly unfortunate circumstances of such refugees can only be reversed through a combined effort between nations to tackle the refugee crisis directly in an effective approach.

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